Wyrtig

For gardeners with a sense of history
 

OE wyrtig, adj: Garden-like, full of plants;
On anum wyrtige hamme, Homl. Skt. ii. 30:312
.

  

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The Garden of Henricus Anglicus
Second or East Bed

 

 

Name in Henry's List
Modern name

Taller plants, probably placed in the background of the east bed

Altea Marsh Mallow, Althaea officinalis
Anetum Dill, Anethum graveolens
Balsamum Balm, Melissa officinalis
[Mentha odorata,
Bergamot mint?]
Enula Elecampane, Inula helenium
Macedonia Alexanders, Smyrnium olusatrum
Sunila Hollyhock, Althaea rosea
Yreos Iris, orris, Iris florentina
Yris Purple flag iris, Iris germanica

Medium height plants, probably placed in the middle of the east bed

A[b]senthium Wormwood, Artemesia absinthium
Calamentis .i. [id est, that is] nepeta Calamint, Calamintha nepeta
Centaurea Centaury, Centaurium erythraea
Febrifuga Feverfew, Chrysanthemum parthenium
Maurubium Horehound, Marrubium vulgare
Menta Mint, Mentha spicata
Sclarega maior Great clary, Salvia sclarea?

Short plants, probably placed in front of the east bed

Adraginis id est Portulaca Purslane, Portulaca oleracea
Asarum Asarabacca, Asarum europaeum
Barba Iouas [Beard of Jove] Houseleek, Sempervivum tectorum
Fiola Sweet rocket, Hesperis matronalis?
[White violet, Viola alba ?]
Piretrum terrestre Wild thyme, Thymus serpyllum?
[Pellitory-of- the-wall, Parietaria officinalis?]
Radix Radish, Raphanus sativus
[Carrot, Daucus cariota?]
Rafanus Horseradish, Cochlearia armoracia
[Radish, Raphanis sativa?]
Sclarega

Clary sage, Salvia pratensis

 

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Botanists are among those who know that, in spite of the rude shocks of life,
it is well to have lived, and to have seen the everlasting beauty of the world.
F.D. Drewitt

 

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