Wyrtig

For gardeners with a sense of history
 

OE wyrtig, adj: Garden-like, full of plants;
On anum wyrtige hamme, Homl. Skt. ii. 30:312
.

  

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The Garden of Henricus Anglicus
Third or South Bed

Name in Henry's list
Modern name

Taller plants, probably placed in background of the south bed

Abrotanus
Southernwood, Artemesia abrotanum
Celidonia
Celandine, Chelidonium majus
Conferua
Comfrey, Symphytum officinale
Ligustrum
Bindweed, Calystegia sepium
[Lovage, Ligusticum levisticum?]
Lilium Lily, Lilium candidum
Pipera
Pepperwort, Lepidium campestre?
Rosa
Rose Rosa gallica, x. alba
Taneticum
Tansey, Tanacetum vulgare
Tracunea colubrina
Dragons, Dracunculus vulgaris

Medium height plants, probably placed in the middle of the south bed

Benedicta
Hemlock, Conium maculatum
[Avens, Herb benedict, Geum urbana?]
Carui
Carrot, Daucus cariota
[Caroway, Carum carui?]
Cetron .i. [id est, that is] Uetonia
Betony, Stachys officinalis
Dyptannum
Dittander, Lepidum latifolium
[Dittany, Origanum dictamnus?]
Eleborum album
White hellebore, Helleborus niger? Veratrum album?
Eleborum nigrum
Black hellebore, Helleborus viridis?
Maratrum .i. Feniculum
Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare
Pastinaca
Parsnip, Pastinaca sativa
Pigmentum
Meadowsweet, Filipendula ulmaria
[Lemon or sweet balm, Melissa officinalis? Piment is a pepper or spice; also wine sweetened with melissa and honey]

Short plants, probably placed in the foreground of the south bed

Fraga
Strawberry, Fragaria vesca
Mandragora
Mandrake, Mandragora officinarum
Ozimum .i. Cauernum
Nettle, Urtica pilulifera?
[Mistil, Wild or hedge basil, Calamintha clinopodium?]
Puleium
Pennyroyal, Mentha pulegium
Saxifragia
Burnet saxifrage, Pimpinella saxifraga
[Sundcorn, Saxifraga granulata?]
Uiola
Wallflower, Cheiranthus cheiri?
[Yellow violet, Viola lutea?]
Viola
Purple violet, Viola odorata

 

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Botanists are among those who know that, in spite of the rude shocks of life,
it is well to have lived, and to have seen the everlasting beauty of the world.
F.D. Drewitt

 

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