Wyrtig

For gardeners with a sense of history
 

OE wyrtig, adj: Garden-like, full of plants;
On anum wyrtige hamme, Homl. Skt. ii. 30:312
.

  

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All of the plants found in the garden
of Henry the Poet

Tall plants
Mid-sized plants
Short plants

 

Tall plants

Abrotanus

Southernwood, Artemesia abrotanum

Liliphagum .i.
[id est, that is] Saluia

Sage, Salvia officinalis
[Wood sage, Salvia agrestis?]

Altea

Marsh Mallow, Althaea officinalis

Lilium

Lily, Lilium candidum

Ambrosia

Wood sage, Teucrium scorodonia?
[Hemp agrimony, Eupatoria cannabium?]

Macedonia

Alexanders, Smyrnium olusatrum

Anetum

Dill, Anethum graveolens

Mater herbarum
[mother of plants]

Mugwort, Artemesia vulgaris

Anglica costus

Costmary, Chrysanthemum balsamita?
[Tansy, Tanacetum vulgare? ]

Meu

Hog fennel, Peucedanum officinale
[Mula, Horseheal, Inula helenium]

Aristologia

Aristology, Corydalis solida?
[Birthwort, Aristolochia clematis?]

Mirtus

Myrtle, Mytrus communis?

Balsamum

Balm, Melissa officinalis
[Bergamot mint, Mentha odorata?]

Papauer

Poppy, Papaver somniferum

Celidonia

Celandine, Chelidonium majus

Peonia

Peony, Paeonia officinalis or P. maculus

Conferua

Comfrey, Symphytum officinale

Pipera

Pepperwort, Lepidium campestre?

Costus

Costmary, Costus balsamita?

Rosa

Rose Rosa gallica, x. alba

Enula

Elecampane, Inula helenium

Sinapis

White mustard, Sinapis alba
[Brassica nigra?]

Eruca

Rocket, Eruca sativa

Sunila

Hollyhock, Althaea rosea

Git

Corncockle, Agrostemma githago

Taneticum

Tansey, Tanacetum vulgare

Lactuca

Lettuce, Lactuca sativa

Tracunea colubrina

Dragons, Dracunculus vulgaris

Lauendula

Lavender, Lavandula spica

Valeriana

Valerian, Valeriana officinalis

Laureola

Spurge laurel, Daphne laureola

Yreos

Iris, orris, Iris florentina

Ligustrum

Bindweed, Calystegia sepium
[Lovage, Ligusticum levisticum?]

Yris

Purple flag iris, Iris germanica

Mid-size plants

A[b]senthium

Wormwood, Artemesia absinthium

Fenugrecum

Fenugreek, Trigonella foenum-graecum

Ameos

Caraway, Carum carui
[Ammi Maius?]

Gazara

Butcher's broom, Ruscus aculeatus
[Gazel, Sweet gale, Myrica gale?]

Baldebonia

Baldmoney, Meum athamanticum
[Cammock, Peucedanum officinale?]

Lupinum

Lupin, Lupinus albus

Benedicta

Hemlock, Conium maculatum
[Avens, Herb benedict, Geum urbana?]

Maratrum .i. Feniculum

Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare

Betha minor

Lesser beet, Sea beet, Beta maritima?

Maurubium

Horehound, Marrubium vulgare

Boragium

Borage, Borago officinalis

Menta

Mint, Mentha spicata

Calamentis .i. nepeta

Calamint, Calamintha nepeta

Ozima .i. Basilicon

Basil, Ocimum basilicum

Carui

Carrot, Daucus cariota
[Caroway, Carum carui?]

Paganon .i. Ruta

Rue, Ruta graveolens

Centaurea

Centaury, Centaurium erythraea

Pastinaca

Parsnip, Pastinaca sativa

Cetron .i. Uetonia

Betony, Stachys officinalis

Personacio .i. Betha

Beet, Beta vulgaris

Ciperus

Sweet galingale, Cyperus longus

Pigmentum

Meadowsweet, Filipendula ulmaria
[Lemon or sweet balm, Melissa officinalis? Piment is a pepper or spice; also wine sweetened with melissa and honey]

Coliandrum

Coriander, Coriandrum sativum

Sanicla

Self-heal, Wood march, Sanicula europaea

Dyptannum

Dittander, Lepidum latifolium
[Dittany, Origanum dictamnus?]

Sclarega maior

Great clary, Salvia sclarea?

Eleborum album

White hellebore, Helleborus niger? Veratrum album?

Strutcion .i. Ostricium

Tutsan, Hypericum androsaemum
[Woodruff, Asphodelus ramosus?]

Eleborum nigrum

Black hellebore, Helleborus viridis?

Tristunies .i. Petrocillum

Parsley, Petroselinum crispum

Elitropia

Marigold, Calendula officinalis

Ysopum

Hyssop, Hyssopus officinalis

Febrifuga

Feverfew, Chrysanthemum parthenium

   

Short plants

Adraginis id est Portulaca

Purslane, Portulaca oleracea

Ozimum .i. Cauernum

Nettle, Urtica pilulifera?
[Mistil, Wild or hedge basil, Calamintha clinopodium?]

Anthemis .i. Camomilla

Chamomile, Anthemis nobilis

Piretrum terrestre

Wild thyme, Thymus serpyllum?
[Pellitory-of-the-wall, Parietaria officinalis?]

Aquileia

Columbine, Aquilegia vulgaris

Psillium

Fleaseed, Plantago arenaria
[Plantain, P. psyllium?]

Asarum

Asarabacca, Asarum europaeum

Puleium

Pennyroyal, Mentha pulegium

Barba Iouas
[Beard of Jove]

Houseleek, Sempervivum tectorum

Radix

Radish, Raphanus sativus
[Carrot, Daucus cariota?]

Buglosa .i. Lingua bouis

Langdeboef, Picris echioides
[Bugloss, Lycopsis arvensis?]

Rafanus

Horseradish, Cochlearia armoracia
[Radish, Raphanis sativa?]

Cametreos .i. Germandrita

Germander, Teucrium chaemydrys

Satureia

Savory, Satureia montana
[or S. hortensis?]

Crocei vulgariter Capharan [Capharan, commonly known as crocei]

Saffron crocus, Crocus sativus?

Saxifragia

Burnet saxifrage, Pimpinella saxifraga
[Sundcorn, Saxifraga granulata?]

Fiola

Sweet rocket, Hesperis matronalis?
[White violet, Viola alba ?]

Sclarega

Clary sage, Salvia pratensis

Fraga

Strawberry, Fragaria vesca

Selinon .i. Apium

Smallage, Apium graveolens

Lactuca

Lettuce, Lactuca sativa

Uiola

Wallflower, Cheiranthus cheiri?
[Yellow violet, Viola lutea?]

Mandragora

Mandrake, Mandragora officinarum

Verbena

Verbena, vervain , Verbena officinalis

Nasturcium

Garden cress, Lepidum sativum

Victoriosa .i. Peruenca

Periwinkle, Vinca minor

Organum

Oregano, Origanum vulgare

Viola

Purple violet, Viola odorata


 

 

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Botanists are among those who know that, in spite of the rude shocks of life,
it is well to have lived, and to have seen the everlasting beauty of the world.
F.D. Drewitt

 

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