Wyrtig

For gardeners with a sense of history
 

OE wyrtig, adj: Garden-like, full of plants;
On anum wyrtige hamme, Homl. Skt. ii. 30:312
.

  

Google

Home

Early gardens

Early plants

Growing heirloom plants

Garden folklore

Resources for gardeners

Site map

Contact us


Examples of Place Names with Plant Elements

Place Names, Landscapes, and Settlement Features

Place Name Resources
 

Plant

Original place name

Meaning

Name appears in record (year)

Apple, Malus spp.

Abhall, æppel

   

Aghowle

 

Achadh, field; abhall [owle] also becomes  úllord, orchard

Apple field

 

Apedal Hall

Æppeldael

Apple valley

1277

Apperknowle

Apelknol, apuldor cnoll

Appletree hill

1317

Appleby

Aeppelham

Apple farmstead

1002

Appledor

Apledora

Apple tree

1086

Appledram

Apuldreham

Appletree farm

1130

Appleford

Aeppelford

Apple ford

c895

Applegarth

Apaldgarður

Apple orchard

c1160

Applesham

Aplesham

Apple farm

1349

Appleshaw

Appelsag

Apple thicket

1200

Applethwaite

Aeppel thveit

Apple clearing

1223

Appleton

Æppultun

Apple farm

942

Appletree

Appeltre

Apple tree

1176

Appletrewick

Apeltrewic

Apple tree farm

1086

Appley

Appelleie

Apple clearing

1115

Avalon

Ynys Afallon

Apple island

1136

Avabreagh

Orchard

Apple hill

 

Ballinoulart

Baile, town

abhalghort, apple garden

Orchard town

 

Ballyhooly

Baila atha ughla

Baile, townland; atha, ford; hooly, abhla, apple

Apple town ford

 

Ballywhollart

Baile, town

wholla, abhla, apple ghort, garden, orchard

Orchard town

 

Eppletun

Epletune

Apple farm

1086

Oulart

Orchard

Ubhallghort, apple garden

Orchard

 

South Appledore

Surapla, sour apple

Crabapple

1086

Barley, Hordeum vulgare

Bere, big

 

 

Barcombe

Bercham

Champ, field

Barley field

1233

Barden

Bernedan

Barley valley

1086

Barford

Bereforda

Barley ford

852

Barlinch

Berehlinc

Barley hill

1180

Barlow

Barleia

Barley clearing

1086

Barton

Burton

Barton

Bortone

Barley farm

1086

Bearl

Berhyll

Barley hill

1242

Bearley

Burleie

Barley clearing

1086

Biglands

Bygland 

Barley lands

1490

Bigrigg

Bigrig

hryggr, ridge

Barley ridge

1235

Pendock

Penedoc

Heiddiog, barley (Welsh)

Barley enclosure

1086

Bean, Vicia faba

Ben, bene

 

 

Bandon

Beandun

Bean Hill

1203

Bantead

Benstede 

Bean field

675

Banham, Beanham,

Benham

Benham

Bean field

1168

Beanley

Benelege

Bean clearing

c1150

Bendacre

Beanacer

Bean field

c1095

Bendish

Benedisc

Bean field

1068

Benhall

Benhala

Bean nook

1175

Benhilton

Benhull

Bean hill farm

1392

Benton

Bentone

Bean farm

1086

Bincknoll

Biencnoll

Bean hill

1242

Biincombe

Beuncombe

Bean valley

987

Binsted

Benestede

Bean field

1086

Beet, Beta vulgaris

Bete

 

 

Bedhampton

Betehametona

Beet field farmstead

1167

Beetley

Betellea

Beet clearing

1086

Berry, Rubus spp

 

Blackberry, raspberry, bramble, briar

Beg, beger

 

Bremel, bremelbrær, bremelþorn, bremelþyrne, bremre, brer, brerþyrne

 

 

Binegar

Begenhangre

Berry slope

1176

Baildon

Baegeltune

Berry farm

c1030

Bagley

Bageleia

Berry clearing

c1090

Bagmoor

Beigerormore

Berry moor

1232

Baydon

Beidona

Berry hill

1146

Bramber

Bremre

Blackberry

956

Brearton

Braretone

Blackberry farm

1086

Black horehound,
Ballota nigra

Bulut

 

 

Boultham

Bulteham

Black horehound farm

1242

Bulford

Bultesford

Bulut, ragged robin

Ragged robin ford

1202

Brooklime
Veronica beccabunga

Hleomoc, leomuce

 

 

Lemmington

Lemetun

Brooklime farm

1158

Broom, Cytisus scoparia

Brom

 

 

Branthwaite

Bromthweit

Broom clearing

1210

Branton

Bremetona

Broom farm

c1150

Barming

Bermelinge,

linge, hlinc

Broom ridge

1086

Braham

Braham

Broom farm

1242

Bramcote

Brunecote  

Broom cottage

1086

Bramden

Bromden

Broom valley

824

Bramfield

Bramfield

Broom field

1166

Bramford

 Branfort

Broom ford

1086

Bramhall

Brumale

Broom nook

1086

Bramhope

Bramhop

Broom valley

1086

Bramley

Bromeleie

Broom clearing

1086

Brampton

Bramtone

Broom farm

1086

Brandon

Bremdona

Broom hill

1086

Buckbean,

Menyanthes trifoliata

Glaeppe

 

 

Glapwell

Glappewelle

Buckbean spring

1086

Burdock, Arctium lappa

Clāte

 

 

Clatford

Cladford

Burdock ford

1086

Clatworthy

Claturde

Urde, worð

Burdock enclosure

1086

Cleatlam

Cletlum

lum, hām

Burdock

1100

Clothall

Clatheala

heala, halh

Burdock nook

1086

Cluddeley

Clotleia

Burdock clearing

1203-4

Cabbage,
Brassica spp.

Caulic, cawl, cawlic

 

 

Calthorpe

Caleðorp

Cabbage farm

1044

Coleworth

Coleworð

Cabbage farm

1203

Calbourne

Cawelburne

Cabbage spring

826

Calendula,
Calendula officinalis

Golde, gylde

 

 

Goldburn

Goldeburn

Calendula stream

1187

Golding

Goldene

Calendula valley

1086

Golder

Goldhora

Ora, slope

Calendula slope

987

Goldhanger

Goldhangr

Calendula slope

1202

Goltho

Golthawe

Calendula enclosure

1209

Guildford

Gyldeford

Calendula ford

880

Chamomile,
Chamaemila nobile

Mægþa, mageþa, mageþe

 

 

Maghull

hull, halh

Chamomile nook

 

Maidstone

Mægthanstan

Stan, stone

Chamomile stone

1086

Mayford

Mægtheford

Chamomile ford

955

Mayland

Mailanda

Chamomile land

1188

Maytham

Maiham

Chamomile farm

c1185

Cherry,
Prunus avium

Ciris, cirisbeam, cyrs,  cyrstreow

 

 

Cherry Willingham

Chyrywylynham

Cherry farm of Willa’s people

1386

Cheriburton

Cheriburton

burh, hill

Cherry hill farm

1444

Clover,
Trifolium spp.

Clæferwyrt, clæfr

 

 

Clarborough

Claueburch, Claureburg

Clover fortification

1086

Clarendon

Clarendun

Clover hill

1072

Clareton

Claretone

Clover farm

1086

Claverley

Claverlege

Clover clearing

1086

Claverton

Claventone

Clover farm

1086

Clearwell

Clouerwalle

Clover spring

c1282

Comfrey,
Symphytum officinale

Gallac, galluc, consolde, banwyrt, halswyrt

 

 

Galsham

Gallecusham

Comfrey farm

1189

Cress,
Nasturcium officinale

Cærse, billere

 

 

Abbotskerswell

Cærswylle Abbas

Abbot’s cress spring

956

Bilbrook

Bilrebroch

Watercress brook

1086

Carshalton

Cresaulton

aul, ǣwell, river source

Cress spring farm

1235

Carsington

Ghersintune

Cress farm

1086

Carswell

Cherswelle

Cress spring

1086

Cassington

Cerstone

Cress farm

1086

Creslow

Cresselai

Cress mound

1086

Cressing

-ing, a place

Watercress place

1136

Kersal

Kareshala

Cress nook

1150

Kersey

Caeresige

Cress island

c995

Kershope

Creshop

Cress valley

1201

Kearsley

Cherselawe

Cress clearing

1187

Kerswell

Carswell

Cress spring

1212

Kresgrave

Gressegraua

Cress grove

 

Crocus,
Crocus sativus

Croh, crog, cros

 

 

Crofton

Crohctun

Crocus farm

1204

Croughton

Croctona

Crocus Farm

1100

Cronton

Crohinton

Crocus farm

1242

Crowle

Croelai

Saffron clearing

1086

Croydon

Crogeden

Saffron valley

1086

Crowleek,
Allium vineale

Cravelec, crawanleac, crāwlēac, cropleac

 

 

Craven

Craescire

Crowleek

1086

Dill, Anethum graveolens

Dil, dile, dili, dyle

 

 

Dilham

Dilham

Dill farm

1086

Dilicar

Dilacre

Dill field

1200 CC

Dulwich

Dilwihs

Dill farm

967

Dodder,
Cuscuta europaea

Duder

 

 

Dodderfield

Duderhull

Dodder hill

1175

Elder,
Sambucus niger

Burhtreow, bour, byrtre, elebeam, elle, ellen, ellern, eild, elebeam, eletreow, hyldre, yldre, ysgaw

Found primarily in Westmoreland, and in the North and West Ridings of Yorkshire

 

Boscawen

Bos, farm

Elder Farm

 

Burtrees

Burtrees

Elder trees

1320

Chalk

Shauk

Elder river

c1060

Drumeldrie

Drum, ridge

 Elder ridge

 

Eldersfield

Yldresfeld

Elder field

972

Eldon

Eltone

Elder hill

1086

Elecombe

Elecome

Elder valley

1086

Elford

Eleford

Elder ford

1001

Elingdon

Ellendun

Elder hill

823

Elstead

Helestede

Elder place

1128

Elstob

Elestob

Stob, stump

Elder stump

1235

Hilderclay

Hilderclea

Clea, tongue of land

Elder tongue

1086

Ilderton

Ildretona

Elder farm

c1125

Portskewwit

Portascihth

Scihth, ysgaw, welsh, elder

Elder harbor

1065

Tresco

Trescau

Tre, house, farm

Ysgo, Sco, scawen, elder tree

Elder tree farm

1305

Fern, Fern spp.

Fearn, fern

 

 

Fairley

Fernlege

Fern clearing

1086

Farlam

Farlam

Fern farm

1166

Farlow

Ferlau

Fern mound

1086

Farmborough

Fearnburgas

Fern mound

901

Farmcote

Fernecote

Fern cottage

1086

Farncombe

Fernecome

Fern valley

1086

Farndon

Fearndune

Fern hill

924

Farnsfield

Fearnesfeld

Fernfield

958

Fernham

Fernham

 Fern farm

1086

Flax, Linum usitassitimus

Fleax, lin, lind

 

 

Ellenhall

Linehall

Flax nook

1086

Halifax

Haliflix, Halyfax

Church flax field

 1091

Linley

Linleie

Flax clearing

1086

Linacre

Linacra

Flax field

1086

Lindley

Lillai

Flax clearing

1086

Lyford

Linforda

Flax ford

944

Linstead

Linestede

Flax place

1086

Linstock

Linstoc

Flax enclosure

1212

Linton

Lintone

Flax farm

942

Lyford

Linforda

Flax ford

944

Lyneham

Lineham

Flax farm

1086

Germander,

Teucrium chamaedrys

Cymed

 

 

Kingcombe

Chimedecombe

Germander valley

1086

Goosefoot,

Chenopodium spp

Melde

 

 

Melbourne

Meldeburna

Goosefoot stream

970

Gorse, furze,

Ulex europeaus

Ceacge, fyrs, gors(t)

 

 

Farsley

Ferselleia

Furze clearing

1086

Fersefield

Fersafeld

Furze field

1035

Chedglow

Cheggeslawe

Gorse hill

1168

Chigwell

Cingheuuella

Gorse spring

1187

Gorsley

Gorstley

Gorse clearing

1228

Grape,
Viniferae fructus

Vina

 

 

Compton  Wyniates

Combeton [Cumbe ton] sub Vina

Valley farm vineyard

1232

Ground ivy,

Glechoma hederacea

Hofe

 

 

Hoveton

Houetuna

Ground ivy  farm

1086

Hawthorn, Crateugus spp.

[see also Thorn]

hægþorn, haguþorn, sceach  

Hawthorn

1086

Ballyskeagh

Sceach, hawthorn

 

 

Hathern

Avederne

 

 

Hackthorn

Hagetorne

Hawthorn

1086

Hagley

Hageleia

Hawthorn clearing

1086

Hagworth

Hegworth

Hawthorn farm

1232

Hatherden

 Hetherden

Hawthorn valley

1193

Hathertun

Haretone

Hawthorn farm

1086

Haughley

Hagele

Hawthorn clearing

1040

Hawthorn

Hagathorne

Hawthorn

115

Skeheenarinky

Sceach, hawthorn

Hawthorn farm

 

Hazel,
Corylus avellana

Col, hæsel, hæsler

 

 

Badsaddle

Bæddeshasel

Bædda’s hazel

1220

Calton

Kaltone

Dainn, thicket

Hazel thicket

1192

Coleshill

Colleshylle

Hazel hill

950

Cowdray

Coudreye

Fr courdaie, hazel

Hazel copse

1279

Culleens

 Coillini

Small hazel woods

 

Halberton

Haeselbearutun

Hazel grove farm

1086

Hazelbury

Hasebere

Beaur, grove

 

1201

Haselmere

Heselmere

Hazel lake

1221

Hasland

Haselont

Hazel field

1130

Haslingden

Hesilingedun

Hazel valley

1241

Heslerton

Haslinton

Hazel farm

1086

Heselden

Hesedene

Hazel valley

1086

Heather,
Calluna vulgaris

Hæþ

Found in placenames in the northern half of Britain

 

Hadfield

Hetfelt

Heath field

1086

Hatfield

Haethfelth

Heath field

731

Hemlock,
Cicuta virosa

Cex

 

 

Kex Beck

Cex

Hemlock creek

817

Henbane,

Hyoscyamus niger

Belene, beolone

 

 

Bell

Bellem

Henbane

1086

Bilton

Biletun

Henbane farm

1086

Dilworth

Bileuurde

Henbane farm

1086

Holly,
Ilex aquifolium

Cuileann, holen

 

 

Altachullian

Alt, high

Holly cliff

 

Culross

Ros, point

Holly wood

 c1110

Hollingdon

Holendone

Holly farm

1086

Hollingworth

Holisurde

Holly enclosure

1086

Holme

Holneham

Holly village

1086

Holne

Holla

Holly

1086

Hillsea

Helesye

 Holly island

1236

Hops,
Humulus lupulus


Hymele, humele

 

 

Hemlingford

Hymeleford

Hop ford

1161

Himbleton

Hymeltun

Hops farm

816

Himley

Himelei

Hops clearing

1086

Horehound,

Marrubium vulgare

Harhune

 

 

Arundel

Harundel

Horehound valley

1086

Arun

Harhune

Horehound

1086

Ivy, Hedera helix

Ifi, ifig

 

 

Ivychurch

Cirice, church

Ivy church

 

Gleneany

Gleann Eidneach

Ivy river valley

 

Inane

Eidhnedn

Ivy place

 

Ivy Hatch

Heuyhatche

Ivy gate

1325

Tudeley

Titedele

Ivy clearing

1086

Cushina

Cois Eidhni

Ivy river place

Leche, physician

 

 

 

Leake

Lece, Leche

 

1088

Lesbury

Lechesbiri

Physician's fortress

c1190

Lexham

Lechesham

Physician’s farm

1086

Leek, Allium porrum

Leac, porleac, porr

 

 

Carlatton

Carlatun

City garden

1158

Lackford

Leacforde

Leek ford

c1095

Laughton

Lactun

Kitchen garden

1200

Lawkland

Laukeland

Leek land

1224

Layton

Lectona

Leek garden farm

1311

Leckhampstead

Lechamstede

Leek homestead

1086

Leckhampton

Lechametone

Leek home farm 

1086

Leek

Leewotton

Leek farm

1285

Leighton

Lectone

Kitchen garden

1086

Letton

Letune

Leek farm

1086

Loughrigg

Loukrig

Leek ridge

1270

Spetchley

Spaecleahtun

Spaec’s kitchen garden

816

Lettuce,
Lactuca spp.

Lactuce, leahtric

 

 

Laughtertun

Lactertun

Lettuce farm

1227

Madder,
Rubia tinctorum


Mæddre,
wræte

 

 

Matterdale

Matherdal

Madder valley

1323

Mayfield

Medeveld

Madder field

1086

Wratting

Wreattinge

Madder place

974

Wrentham

Weretham

Madder farm

1086

Wretton

Wretton

Madder farm

1198

Mallow,
Malva sylvestris


Hoc, hocleaf,
mealwe

Mallow valley farm

1414

Hockham Hoccombeham   

Hockley

Hocheleia

Mallow clearing

1086

Hocton

Hoctune

Mallow farm

1086

Hockwold

Hoccuuelde

Mallow glade

1086

Marsh gentian,

Gentiana pneumonanthe

Meargealla

 

 

Marwell

Merlewill

Gentian spring

1260

Medlar, Mespilus germanica

Ceri, mispeler

 

 

Ceri

Ceri, medlar, Welsh Medlars  

Egloskerry

Egloskery

Eglos, church

Kerry, medlar, or St. Kery

Medlar church

1145

Madehurst

Medliers

Medliers, French medlars

Medlars

1188

Misperton

Misperton(a), Mysperton

Mispeton

 Medlar farm

1137-61

1086

Mint, Mentha spp.

Minte

 

 

Minety

Mintig Mint island 844

Minstead

Mintestede

Mint place

1086

Minterne

Minterne

Mint house

987

Mistletoe,
Viscum album

Mistel, mimsteltan

 

 

Mistley

Mitteslea

Mistletoe clearing

1086

Myrtle, Myrica gale

Gagel, raideog, wir, wirtreow

 

 

Dunrod Dun, hill Sweet gale hill 1160

Gailey

Gageleage

Myrtle clearing

1002

Galsworthy

Galeshors

Ora, slope; worth

Myrtle slope farm

1086

Galton

Gaveltone

Myrtle farm

1086

Wirral

Wirhealum

Myrtle nook

895

Worral

Wirhala

Myrtle nook

1218

Wyrley

Wereleia

Myrtle clearing

1086

Witton

Witune

Myrtle farm

1086

Mullein,

Verbascum thapsus

Feltwyr

 

 

Feltham

Feltham Mullein farm 969

Feltwell

Feltwelle

Mullein stream

 

Nettle, Urtica spp.

Netlan, netele, stiþe

 

 

Dandaleith

Danadal

leathad, slope

Nettle slope  

Netley

Netelie

Nettle clearing

1086

Nettlebed

Netelebedde

Bedd, bed for plants, garden

Nettle bed

1252

Nettlecombe

Netelcome

Nettle valley

1086

Nettleden

Netteleyden

Nettle valley

c1200

Nettleham

Netelham

Nettle village

1086

Nettlestead

Nettlestede

Nettle place

1086

Nettleworth

Netleswurda

Nettle farm

1195

Stifford

Stithford

Nettle ford

c1090

Nut

Nut

 

1

Nurstead

Notestede Nut place 086

Nutbourne

Notburna

Nut stream

1387

Nutfield

Notfelle

Nut field

1086

Nutford

Notforda

Nut ford

1086

Nuthall

Nutehale

Corner

1086

Nuthampstead

Nuthamstede

Nut field

1212

Nuthurst

Nothurst

Nut thicket

1228

Nutley

Nocleia

Nut clearing

1086

Nutwell

Hnutwille

Spring

1072

Oats, pilled
Avena nuda

Pilla, pillotes

   

Pillaton

Piletone

 

Pilled oat farm

 

1271

 

Pilhough

Pilethaich Pilled oat hill 1186

Oats, Avena sativa

Hæfera, ote

 

 

Oathill

Otehul Oat hill c1200

Oteley

Oatleia

Oat clearing

1280

Haverbrack

Haverberc

Oat brook

1090-7

Haverhill

Huerhelle

Oat hill

1086

Parsnip,
Pastinaca sativa

Feldmore, geuiridiny, more, wealhmore,

 

 

Killgordon

Coillnageuiridin

Parsnip woods

 

Pea, Pisum sativa

Pise, pes

 

 

Peasemarsh

Pisamerse

Mersc, marsh

Pea marsh

 

Peasemore

Pesimara

Pea pond

c1224

Peasenhall

Pisahalle

Pea nook

1086

Pishill

Pushulle

Pea hill

1219

Pishiobury

Pysoubur

Pea manor

1294

Posenhall

Posenhall

Pea nook

1226

Pusey

Pesei

Pea field

1086

Pear,
Pyrus communis

Pirie, pyrige

 

 

Buttsbury

Botolfvespirie

Boltolf’s pear

Botolf’s pear

1220

Parbold

Perebold

Bothl, farm

Pear farm

1220

Parham

Parnham

Perreham

Perham

Pear farm

1086

1086

Parley

Perlai

Pear clearing

1086

Parndon

Perinduna

Pear hill

1086

Paulerspury

Pirie

pury, burie

Pauler’s peartree

1086

Perry

Pirio

Pear tree

1086

Woodperry

Wodeperi

Pear wood

1242

Waterperry

Perium

Pirige, pear

Riverside pear orchard

1086

Peterley

Piterleia

Pear clearing

1150

Pirbright

Peririth,

Pirigfryrhth, pear wood

Pear wood

1156

Pirton

Peritone

Pear farm

1086

Pyrton

Pirigtun

Pear farm

766

Potterspury

Perie

Potter’s pear

1086

Preshaw

Presshagh

Pear wood

1291

Prested

Peresteda

Pear field

1086

Prinstead

Pernestede

Pear field

1253

Preshaw

Presshagh

Pear field

1291

Puriton

Peritone

Pear farm

1086

Pyrford

Pyrianforda

Pear ford

956

Spurshot

Purisute

Pear strip

1242

Tarporley

Torperleia

Torr, hill

Pear clearing by the hill

1086

Pennyroyal,

Mentha pulegium

Dweorgedwosle

 

 

Desborough

?Dustelberg

?Pennyroyal hill

1086

Plant, vegetable

Wyrt, wort

 

 

Wortley

Wirtleie

Vegetable clearing

1086

Worting

Wyrtingas
-ing,
place

Vegetable gardens

1086

Worton

Vurtone
wyrttūn, vegetable gar
den

Vegetable garden

1086

Wortwell

Wortwella

Vegetable spring

 

Plantain,

Plantago lanceolata

Ribbe

 

Ribbesford

Ribbedford Plantain ford 1023

Ribton

Ribbetun

Plantain farm

1086

Plum,
Prunus domestica

Plume, plumtreow, prume, plyme

 

 

Blymhill

Blumehil Plum hill 1167

Plumbland

Plumbelund

Lund, ON grove 

Plum grove

c1150

Plumdon

Plunton

Plum farm

1210

Plumley

Plumleia

Plum clearing

1119

Plumstead

Plumestede

Plum place

1086

Plumton,

Plympton

Plymentun

Plum farm

904

Plumtree

Pluntre

Plum tree

 

Plungar

Plumgara

Plum land

1125

Plymstock

Plymestocha

Plum field

 

Puncknowle

Pomacanole

Plum knoll

1086

Broomhill

Prunhelle

Broom hill 

1086

Rowan,

Sorbus aucuparia

Cwicbeam, cwice, cwicen, cwictreow (OE); raun (ON)

 

 

Quikehege

Quikehege Rowan hedgec 1100

Whittonstall

Quictunstall

Rowan homestead

c1180

Ramson,

Allium ursinum

Hramsa, ramsa, wudu leac

 

 

Rampisham

Ramesham

Hramsa, wild garlic

Ramson farm 1086

Ramsbottom

Romesbothum

Bothm, valley

Ramson valley

1324

Ramsey

Ramesiae

Ramson island

1086

Romsley

Hremesleage

Ramson clearing

1002

Ramsdale

Ramesdele

Ramson valley

1170

Ramsden

Ramesdun

Ramson valley

1179

Ramsgill

Ramesgile

Gill, stream or valley

Stream where ramsons grow

1198

Ramsgreave

Romesgreve

Ramson grove

1296

Ramsholt

Ramesholt

Ramson woods

1086

Ramshope

Rammeshop

Ramson valley

1230

Reed, Poales spp.

Hreod

 

 

Radipole

Retpole Reed pool 1086

Redbourne

Reodburne

Reedy stream

1069

Redbridge

Hreodbrycge

Reed bridge

1086

Redford

Hreodford

Reed ford

c. 890

Redcar

Redker

kiarr, marsh ON

Reed marsh

1170

Redcot

Redcota

Reed (roofed) cottage

1156

Redhall

Radanahalla

Reedy nook

1086

Reddish

Rediche

dich, ditch

Reedy ditch

1212

Redgrave

Redgraue

Reed ditch

1095

Redlynch

Redlisc

Lisc, marsh

Reed marsh

1086

Redmarley

Ridmerlege; reed mere leah

Reed lake valley

1086

Redmarshall

Rodmerehill, reed mere hill

Reed lake hill

1208

Redmire

Ridemere

Reed lake

 

Reedham

Redham

Reed farm

1044

Rose hip, Rosa spp.

Hēopa, hiope

 

 

Hipton

Hipton

Rose hip farm

1086

Hepple

Hephal

Rose hip nook

1205

Heptonstall

Heptonstall

Rose hip farmstead

1253

Hepworth

Heppeuuord

Rose hip enclosure

1086

Heapham

Heopham

Rose hip farm

c1200

Hebden

Hebendenu

Rose hip valley

1086

Shipton

Hipton

Rose hip farm

1086

Rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis

Bogen, boþen

 

 

Bothenwood

Bothenewode

Wudu, wood

Rosemary woods

1323

Rue,
Ruta graveolens

Rude

 

 

Rudheath

Rudeheth

Hæð, uncultivated land

Rue heath

1288

Roudham

Rudham

Rue homestead

1086

Rowde

Rode

Rue field

1086

Rudyard

Rudegeard

Rue garden

1002

Rush, Juncus spp.

Læfer, leber, leuer

 

 

Laverton,

Levertun

Laureton, Lavreton

Rush farm

1086

Learmouth

Leueremue

Matha, mouth

Rush river

1177

Lever

Lefre

Rush place

1212

Rhiston

Ristune

Rush farm

1086

Rishworth

Rissheworthy

Rye Farm

1226

Roseden

Russeden

Rush valley

1242

Ruislip

Rislepe

Slaep, rush wet place

Rushy bog

1086

Rushton

Rusitone

Rush farm

 

Rye, Secale cereale

Rige, ryge sigle

 

 

Raydon Reindune Rye hill 1086

Rayleigh

Ragheleia

Rye clearing

1086

Reydon

Rienduna

Rye hill

1086

Riby

Ribi

Rye farm

1086

Roughton

Rugutune

Rye farm

1086

Royton

Ryton

Rye farm

1260

Ruckcroft

Rucroft

Rye croft

1211

Rydal

Ridal(e)

Rye valley

1240

Ryhall

Righale

Rye nook

1042-55

Ryton

 Ritun

Rye farm

1086

Sedge, Carex spp.

Sæcg, secg

 

 

Sedgeford

Secesford Sedge ford 1086

Sedgemoor

Seggemere

Sedge lake

1236

Sloe, Prunus spinosa fructus

Airneach, blæcþorn, slag, slah, slāhþorn

 

 

Blackthorn

Blaketorn Sloe 1190

Balerno

Belhernoch

Baile, townland

Airneach, sloe

Sloe town

1280

Blatherwycke

Blatherwik 

Sloe farm

1203

Killarney

Magherarny

Airneach,sloe

Sloe valley

 

Slathwaite

Sladweit

Sloe clearing

1178

Slaugham

Slacham

Sloe farm

1100

Slaughterford

Slachtoneford

Sloe farm ford

1176

Sloley

Slaleia

Sloe clearing

1086

Sloe

Blæcþorn, Blachetorne

Sloe

1192

Sorrel, dock,

Rumex acetosa

Docce, ompre

 

 

Docking

Doccynge Sorrel farm  1035

Dockham

Docombe

Sorrel valley

1322

Dockray

Dochora

Vra, corner ON

Sorrel corner

1195

Dockenfield

Doccehenefeld

Sorrel field

1150

Ampleforth

Ampreforde

Ompre, sorrel

Sorrel ford

1086

Dogdyke

Docedic

Sorrel ditch

1256

Haydock

Hedoc

Sorrel hedge

1168-69

Teasle,

Dipsacus fullonum

Taesel, wulfes camb, wulfes taesel, wulfes teors    

Tasley

Tasselegh

Teasle clearing

1230

 

Thistle,
Carduus spp, Onopordum spp.

Thistel, þistel, thistil, disty   

Thistleton

Tisteltune

Thirstle farm

1086

Thorn

White/hawthorn - Crataegeus monogyna

Black/sloe thorn - Prunus spinosa

Þorn, torne

   
Bisteorne Beestorn

Biede’s thorn

1190

Bythorn

Bitherne

Thorn farm

1127

Capesthorne

Copestor

Cape’s thorn

1086

Casterne

Catesthyrne

Cate’s thorn

1102

Chevithorne

Cheutorna

Coefa’s thorn

1086

Pitstone

Pincenestorne

Picel's thorntree

1086

Thearn

Thern

Thoren

Thorne

Thorny place

1297

Thorgrafton

Thorgraveston

Thorngraeftun

Thorn grove farm

c1150

Thorington

Tornintuna

Thorn farm

1086

Thorley

Thornley

Thornley

Torlei

Thornhlaw

Thorenteleg

Thorn clearing

Thorn hill

Thorn clearing

1086

1071

1202

Thornage

Tornadis

Thorn field

1086

Thornborough

Thornbury

Torneberge

Torneberie

Thorn fortress

1086

c1190

Thornby

Torneberie

Thorn fortress

1086

Thorner

Tornoure

Ure, covering

Thorn slope

1086

Thorness

Thornheye

Thorn hedge

1324

Thorney

Torneshaie

Thorn enclosure

1086

Thornhaugh

 Thornhawe

Thorn enclosure

1189

Thorngumbold

Torne

Gumbaud, OFr name

Gumbaud’s thorn

1086

Thornhill

Thornhull

Thorn nook

1230

Thornholm

Thirnon, from thornum, dat pl

Thornbush

 

Thornthwaite

Thornthwayte 

Thorn thicket 

1254

Thrimby

Tirneby

Thorn farm

1200

Turnastone

Thurneistun

Thorn hedge farm

1242

Turnworth

Torneworde

Thorn enclosure

1086

Winster

Winsterne

Wine’s thorn

1086

Turnip,

Brassica napus

Naep, nep, Englisc naep, wilde naep   

Napton

Eptone, Neptone

Parsnip farm

1086

Water arum,

Arum maculatum

Mysse

 

 

Missenden

Missedene

Arum valley

1086

Miswell

Misseuuelle

Water arum spring

1086

Misbourne

Misseburne

Water arum spring

1407

Wheat, Triticum spp.

Hwaet

 

 

Waddington

Hwaetedun

Wheat hill

871

Whaddon

Hwaetaedun

Wheat valley

966

Whatton

Watone

Wheat farm

1086

Wheatacre

Hwateaker

Wheat field

1086

Wheathampstead

Huuaethamstede

Wheat homestead

1065

Wheathill

Whethull

Wheat hill

1237

Wheatley

Wateleia

Wheat clearing

1086

Wheddon

Wheteden

Wheat valley

1243

Wild celery,
Apium graveolens dulce

Mearce, merce, merche, myrce, wudemerce, swinesmerce

   

Marcham

Merchamme

Hemmed in smallage plot

900

Marchington

Merchametone

ing, place

Smallage-growers farm

1086

Marchwood

Merceode

Smallage wood

1086

Willow, Salix spp

Sealh, welig, windel, wilig    
Saightun

Saltone

Willow farm

1086

Sale

Sale

Willow

126

Sale Wheel

Salewelle

Willow spring

1296

Salehurst

Salhert

Willow thicket

1086

Saling

Salinges

Willow farm

1086

Salkeld

Salchild

Willow wood

1100

Sall

Salla

Willow clearing

1086

Salton

Salwick

Saletun

Saleuuic

Willow farm

1086

Saughall

Salghalle

Willow nook

1322

Selworthy

Seleuurde

Willow farm

1086

Silchester

Silcester

Willow fortress

1086

Welford

Waliford

Willow ford

1086

Wellow

Welige

Willow

1086

Wetmoor

Withmere

Willow lake

1100

Welwyn

Welga

Willows

1086

Widdecombe

Withiwillow

combe, valley

Willow valley

 

Wilby

Willebeih

Willow farm

1086

Willey

Wilit

Willow clearing

1086

Willicote

Wilcot

Willow clump

1086

Willitoft

Wilgetot

Willow homestead

1086

Winnal

Wilenhale

Willow nook

1221

Withington

Witintune

Willow farm

1086

Withybrook

 Wythibroc

Willow brook

c1100

Withyhook

Hook

Willow bend

 

Wyddial

Widehale

Willow nook

1086

Wythburn

Withibotine

Botn, innermost part of a valley

Willow valley

1280

Zeal

Seal

Willows

956

Woad, Isatis tinctoria

Glasin, glasto, wad, vad, uueard

   
Glastonbury

Glestingaea

Woad fortress, hill

704

Odell

Wadehelle

Woad hill

1086

Wadborough

Wadberge

Woad hill

1086

Waddenhall

Wadenhal

Woad nook

1181

Waddon

Wadone

Woad hill

1086

Wadley

Wadele

Woad clearing

1242

Woodhill

Wadehelle

 

1086

Yew, Taxus spp.

Iw, eo

 

 

Iburndale

YburneIw

Yew stream

1308

Ifield

Yfeld

Yew field

1198

Iridge

Yrugge

Hrugge, ridge

Yew ridge

1248

Iwade

Ywade

Gewaed, ford

Yew ford

1179

Mayo

Magh, plain

Yew plain

 

Uley

Euuelege

Yew clearing

1086

Yeoford

Ioweford

Yew ford

1242

Youghal

Ghal, coil

Yew wood

 

Yewdale

Yewdalebec

Yew valley stream

1196


Place Names Resources
 

Home | Early gardens | Early plants | Growing heirloom plants | Garden folklore | Resources | Site map

 

Botanists are among those who know that, in spite of the rude shocks of life,
it is well to have lived, and to have seen the everlasting beauty of the world.
F.D. Drewitt

 

Copyright ©2015 S.E.S. Eberly
All Rights Reserved

Contact us