Tall stoneware pot with pink foxglove

Wyrtig

OE wyrtig, adj: Garden-like, full of plants;
On anum wyrtige hamme, Homl. Skt. ii. 30:312
.
   
  

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Plants of the
Capitulare de Villis
Continental Gardens

The plant list of the Capitulare

 

LXX. Volumus quod in horto omnes herbas habeant id est
We want that in gardens they have all these plants, that is:

 

Plants of the Capitulare, in alphabetical order

Capitulary

Common name

Scientific name

Abrotanum

Southernwood

Artemisia abrotanum

Adripias

Orache

Atriplex hortense

Alia

Garlic

Allium sativum

Amandalarios

Almond

Prunus dulcis

Ameum

Baldmoney,
Bishop's weed

Meum athamanticum
Ammi majus

Anesum

Anise

Pimpinella anisum

Anetum

Dill

Anethum graveolens

Apium

Celery, wild

Apium graveolens

Ascalonicas

Shallot

Allium ascalonicum

Avellanarios

Hazelnut

Corylus avellana

Betas

Beet

Beta vulgaris

Blidas

Amaranth, blite

Amaranthus blitum

Britlas

Chives

Allium schoenoprasum

Cardones

Cardoon
Fuller's teasel

Cynara cardunculus
Dipsacus sativus

Careium

Caraway

Carum carvi

Carvitas

Carrot

Daucus carota

Castanearios

Chestnut

Castanea sativa

Caulos

Cabbage

Brassica oleracea

Cepas

Onion

Allium cepa

Ceresarios

Various kinds of cherries, sweet and sour

Diversi generis
Prunus sp
Prunus avium

Cerfolium

Chervil

Anthriscus cerefolium

Cicerum italicum

Chick pea

Cicer arietinum

Ciminum

Cumin

Cuminum cyminum

Coloquentidas

Bryony, white colocynth, bitter cucumber

Bryonia alba
Citrullus colocynthis

Coriandrum

Cilantro, coriander

Coriandrum sativum

Costum

Costmary,
Yellow feverfew

Balsamita vulgaris
Tanacetum balsamita

Cotoniarios

Quince

Cydonia oblonga mil

Cucumere

Cucumber

Cucumis sativus

Cucurbitas

Bottle gourd

Lagenaria siceraria

Diptamnum

False dittany, Burning bush

Dictamnus albus

Dragantea

Snakeweed
Tarragon

Polygonum bistorta
Artemisia dracunculus

Eruca alba

Rocket

Eruca sativa

Fabas maiores

Broad bean, fava

Vicia faba

Fasiolum

Pea, black eyed
Pea, cow
Hyacinth bean

Vigna unguiculata
Vigna unguiculata
Dolichos lab lab

Febrefugiam

Feverfew
Centaury

Tanacetum parthenium
Centaurium erythraea

Fenicolum

Fennel

Foeniculum vulgare

Fenigrecum

Fenugreek

Trigonella foenum graecum

Ficus

Fig

Ficus carica

Git

Black cumin,
Love-in-a-mist

Nigella sativa

Gladiolum

Iris, Purple flag

Iris germanica

Intubas

Endive
Wild succory

Cichorium endivia
Cichorium intybus

Iovis barbam

Houseleek,
Hens and chicks

Sempervivum tectorum

Lacteridas

Caper spurge

Euphorbia lathyris

Lactucas

Lettuce
Wild lettuce

Lactuca sativa
Lactuca virosa

Lauros

Bay laurel

Laurus nobilis l

Levisticum

Lovage
Mountain lovage

Levisticum officinale
Ligusticum mutellina

Lilium

Lily, madonna

Lilium candidum

Malorum

Apple

Malus domestica

Malvas

Mallow, common

Malva sylvestris

Mentam

Mint, spear

Mentha spicata

Mentastrum

Mint, wild

Mentha silvestris

Mespilarios

Medlar

Mespilus germanica

Mismalvas

Mallow, marsh

Althaea officinalis

Morarios

Mulberry, black

Morus nigra

Nasturtium

Watercress

Nasturtium officinale

Neptam

Catmint

Nepeta cataria,

Nucarios

Walnut, English

Juglans regia

Olisatum

Alexanders
Angelica

Smyrnium olusatrum
Angelica archangelica

Papaver

Poppy

Papaver somniferum

Parduna

Great burdock

Arctium lappa

Pastenacas

Parsnip

Pastinaca sativa

Peledium

Pennyroyal

Mentha pulegium

Pepones

Chate melon
Musk melon

Cucumis chate
Cucumis melo

Persicarios

Peach

Amygdalus persica
Prunus persica

Petresilinum

Parsley

Petroselinum crispum

Pinos

Stone pine

Pinus pinea

Pirarios

Pear

Pyrus

Pisos mauriscos

Pea, garden

Pisum sativum

Pomarios

Orange, bitter

Citrus aurantium

Porros

Leek

Allium porrum

Prunarios

Plum

Prunus domestica

Radices

Radish

Raphanus sativus

Ravacaulos

Kohlrabi

Brassica rapa

Ros marinum

Rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis

Rosas

Rose

Rosa, R. officinalis

Rutam

Rue

Ruta graveolens

Salviam

Sage

Salvia officinalis

Satureiam

Savory, summer

Satureia hortensis

Savinam

Savine juniper

Juniperus sabina

Sclareiam

Clary sage

Salvia sclarea

Silum

Laserwort

Laserpitium siler

Sinape

Mustard, black
Mustard, white

Sinapis nigra
Sinapis alba

Sisimbrium

Watercress

Nasturtium officinale>

Solsequiam

Heliotrope
Calendula

Heliotropium
   europaeum
Calendula officinalis

Sorbarios

Service tree

Sorbus domestica

Squillam

Sea squill

Scilla maritima

Tanazitam

Tansy

Tanacetum vulgare

Unions

Wild garlic
Welsh onion

Allium ursinum
Allium fistulosum

Vulgigina

Wild ginger

Asarum europaeum

Warentiam

Madder

Rubia tinctorum

 

Capitulaire de Villis - http://www.le.ac.uk/hi/polyptyques/capitulare/site.html

 

 

Charlemagne's Capitulare de Villis

Charlemagne's Asnapio, in 8th Century France

The Plan of St Gall

Walafrid Strabo's Hortulus

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Botanists are among those who know that, in spite of the rude shocks of life,
it is well to have lived, and to have seen the everlasting beauty of the world.
F.D. Drewitt

 

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