Wyrtig

For gardeners with a sense of history
 

OE wyrtig, adj: Garden-like, full of plants;
On anum wyrtige hamme, Homl. Skt. ii. 30:312
.

  

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Plants of the
Capitulare de Villis
Continental Gardens

 

Plants of the Capitulare de Villis Imperialibis
Chapter 70

LXX. Volumus quod in horto omnes herbas habeant: id est Lilium 70. It is our wish that they shall have in their gardens all kinds of plants, that is Lily,

rosas

roses

petresilinum 

parsley

sclareiam

clary sage

fenigrecum

fenugreek

apium

celery

Et ille hortulanus habeat super domum suam Iovis barbam.

And the gardener shall have growing on his house Jove's beard (hen and chickens)

costum

costmary

levisticum

lovage

De arboribus volumus quod habeant pomarios diversi generis

As for trees we wish that

they shall have fruit trees of diverse kinds

salviam

sage

savinam

juniper

pirarios diversi generis

pears of diverse kinds

rutam

rue

anetum

dill

prunarios diversi generis

plums of diverse kinds

abrotanum

southernwood

fenicolum

sweet fennel

sorbarios

service tree

cucumeres

cucumbers

intubas

endive

mespilarios

medlar

pepones

pumpkins

diptamnum

dittany

castanearios

chestnut

cucurbitas

bottle gourds

sinape

white mustard

persicarios diversi generis

peaches of diverse kinds

fasiolum

bean

satureiam

summer savory

cotoniarios

quince

ciminum

cumin

sisimbrium

watercress

avellanarios

hazel tree

ros marinum

rosemary

mentam

garden mint

amandalarios

almond

careium

caraway

mentastrum

wild mint

morarios

mulberry

cicerum italicum

chick pea

tanazitum

tansy

lauros

laurel

squillam

squill

neptam

catnip

pinos

pine

gladiolum

gladiolas

febrefugiam

feverfew

ficus

fig

dragantea

tarragon

papaver

poppy

nucarios

nuts

anesum

anise

beta

beets

ceresarios 

cherries

coloquentidas

bitter cucumber,
bryony

vulgigina

wild ginger

DIVERSI GENERUS Malorum nomina

gozmaringa

Diverse kinds of apples named

gozmaringa

solsequiam

heliotrope, calendula

mismalvas

marshmallows

geroldinga

type of apple

ameum

ammi

malvas

mallows

crevedella

type of apple

silum

laserwort

carvitas

carrots

spirauca

type of apple

lactucas

lettuces

pastenacas

parsnip

dulcia

sweet ones

git

black cumin

adripias

orach

acriores

sour ones

eruca alba

rocket

blidas

amaranth, blite

omnia servatoria

all that keep well

nasturtium

garden cress

ravacaulos

kohlrabi

 & subito comessura primitivo

and those that are to be eaten straightaway and early

parduna

burdock

caulos
cabbage

Perariciis servatoria trium et quartum genus

Of pears preserve three or four kinds

puledium

pennyroyal

uniones

wild garllic

dulciores et

sweet ones and

olisatrum

alexanders, angelica

britlas

chives

cocciores et

cooking pears and

 

porros

leeks

serotina

late-ripeners

 

radices

radishes

 
 

ascalonicas

shallots

 
 

cepas

onions

 
 

alia

garlic

 
 

warentiam

madder

 
 

cardones

teazles

 
 

fabas maiores

broad beans

 
 

pisos Mauriscos

peas

 
 

coriandrum

coriander

 
 

cerfolium

chervil

 
 

lacteridas

caper spurge

 

Plants of the Capitulare, in alphabetical order

Capitulary

Common name

Scientific name

Abrotanum

Southernwood

Artemisia abrotanum

Adripias

Orache

Atriplex hortense

Alia

Garlic

Allium sativum

Amandalarios

Almond

Prunus dulcis

Ameum

Baldmoney,
Bishop's weed

Meum athamanticum
Ammi majus

Anesum

Anise

Pimpinella anisum

Anetum

Dill

Anethum graveolens

Apium

Celery, wild

Apium graveolens

Ascalonicas

Shallot

Allium ascalonicum

Avellanarios

Hazelnut

Corylus avellana

Betas

Beet

Beta vulgaris

Blidas

Amaranth, blite

Amaranthus blitum

Britlas

Chives

Allium schoenoprasum

Cardones

Cardoon
Fuller's teasel

Cynara cardunculus
Dipsacus sativus

Careium

Caraway

Carum carvi

Carvitas

Carrot

Daucus carota

Castanearios

Chestnut

Castanea sativa

Caulos

Cabbage

Brassica oleracea

Cepas

Onion

Allium cepa

Ceresarios

Various kinds of cherries, sweet and sour

Diversi generis
Prunus sp
Prunus avium

Cerfolium

Chervil

Anthriscus cerefolium

Cicerum italicum

Chick pea

Cicer arietinum

Ciminum

Cumin

Cuminum cyminum

Coloquentidas

Bryony, white colocynth, bitter cucumber

Bryonia alba
Citrullus colocynthis

Coriandrum

Cilantro, coriander

Coriandrum sativum

Costum

Costmary,
Yellow feverfew

Balsamita vulgaris
Tanacetum balsamita

Cotoniarios

Quince

Cydonia oblonga mil

Cucumere

Cucumber

Cucumis sativus

Cucurbitas

Bottle gourd

Lagenaria siceraria

Diptamnum

False dittany, Burning bush

Dictamnus albus

Dragantea

Snakeweed
Tarragon

Polygonum bistorta
Artemisia dracunculus

Eruca alba

Rocket

Eruca sativa

Fabas maiores

Broad bean, fava

Vicia faba

Fasiolum

Pea, black eyed
Pea, cow
Hyacinth bean

Vigna unguiculata
Vigna unguiculata
Dolichos lab lab

Febrefugiam

Feverfew
Centaury

Tanacetum parthenium
Centaurium erythraea

Fenicolum

Fennel

Foeniculum vulgare

Fenigrecum

Fenugreek

Trigonella foenum graecum

Ficus

Fig

Ficus carica

Git

Black cumin,
Love-in-a-mist

Nigella sativa

Gladiolum

Iris, Purple flag

Iris germanica

Intubas

Endive
Wild succory

Cichorium endivia
Cichorium intybus

Iovis barbam

Houseleek,
Hens and chicks

Sempervivum tectorum

Lacteridas

Caper spurge

Euphorbia lathyris

Lactucas

Lettuce
Wild lettuce

Lactuca sativa
Lactuca virosa

Lauros

Bay laurel

Laurus nobilis l

Levisticum

Lovage
Mountain lovage

Levisticum officinale
Ligusticum mutellina

Lilium

Lily, madonna

Lilium candidum

Malorum

Apple

Malus domestica

Malvas

Mallow, common

Malva sylvestris

Mentam

Mint, spear

Mentha spicata

Mentastrum

Mint, wild

Mentha silvestris

Mespilarios

Medlar

Mespilus germanica

Mismalvas

Mallow, marsh

Althaea officinalis

Morarios

Mulberry, black

Morus nigra

Nasturtium

Watercress

Nasturtium officinale

Neptam

Catmint

Nepeta cataria,

Nucarios

Walnut, English

Juglans regia

Olisatum

Alexanders
Angelica

Smyrnium olusatrum
Angelica archangelica

Papaver

Poppy

Papaver somniferum

Parduna

Great burdock

Arctium lappa

Pastenacas

Parsnip

Pastinaca sativa

Peledium

Pennyroyal

Mentha pulegium

Pepones

Chate melon
Musk melon

Cucumis chate
Cucumis melo

Persicarios

Peach

Amygdalus persica
Prunus persica

Petresilinum

Parsley

Petroselinum crispum

Pinos

Stone pine

Pinus pinea

Pirarios

Pear

Pyrus

Pisos mauriscos

Pea, garden

Pisum sativum

Pomarios

Orange, bitter

Citrus aurantium

Porros

Leek

Allium porrum

Prunarios

Plum

Prunus domestica

Radices

Radish

Raphanus sativus

Ravacaulos

Kohlrabi

Brassica rapa

Ros marinum

Rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis

Rosas

Rose

Rosa, R. officinalis

Rutam

Rue

Ruta graveolens

Salviam

Sage

Salvia officinalis

Satureiam

Savory, summer

Satureia hortensis

Savinam

Savine juniper

Juniperus sabina

Sclareiam

Clary sage

Salvia sclarea

Silum

Laserwort

Laserpitium siler

Sinape

Mustard, black
Mustard, white

Sinapis nigra
Sinapis alba

Sisimbrium

Watercress

Nasturtium officinale>

Solsequiam

Heliotrope
Calendula

Heliotropium
   europaeum
Calendula officinalis

Sorbarios

Service tree

Sorbus domestica

Squillam

Sea squill

Scilla maritima

Tanazitam

Tansy

Tanacetum vulgare

Unions

Wild garlic
Welsh onion

Allium ursinum
Allium fistulosum

Vulgigina

Wild ginger

Asarum europaeum

Warentiam

Madder

Rubia tinctorum

 

Capitulaire de Villis - http://www.le.ac.uk/hi/polyptyques/capitulare/site.html

 

Continental Gardens

Charlemagne's Capitulare de Villis

Charlemagne's Asnapio, in 8th Century France

The Plan of St Gall

Walafrid Strabo's Hortulus

 

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F.D. Drewitt

 

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