Growing heirloom plants
Resources for gardeners
first residence was a thatched aisled hall whose floors were of beaten
earth. After this house burned, in about 170 CE, a new stone house was
built, and given a tile roof.
farmstead at Bancroft Villa
residence had three main rooms with painted
mortar floors and painted walls. One room had hypocaust heating. A
bath house was installed at the south end of the villa. The area north
of the house was cobbled.
included two barns, a granary, round-houses (perhaps for
laborers, or for the traditionalists among the owners or
managers), and a walled rectangular area thought to be a
Another enclosure is thought to have been a kitchen garden, for sodden soil preserved remains of
brassicas, caper spurge, celery, coriander, mustard, and summer savory.
More than a century later, in about 340 CE,
main residence was remodeled and expanded to create a winged corridor
villa. A portico was added, along with more rooms and a larger bath
house. Most rooms were given mosaic floors.
pool with a
long, low, ornamental, limestone-walled was added,
fed with overflow water from the cold bath in the bath
house. The water flowed into, and then drained out of, the
pool through pipes of wood, tile, and lead.
Between the pool and the house was an area of rich soil
that was probably a flower bed.
Although no planting trenches were found in the large garden
area, this may be because the soil was suitable without such trenches. At the southeast corner of the
house, an octagonal structure was built that some think was
a gazebo, while others identify it as a shrine.
walled enclosure, also southeast of the house, appears to have been a garden or
of a kind used to prune fruit trees and grapevines was found there,
similar to this one, illustrated in a 2nd century
Roughly made ceramic pots with holes for drainage -- flower
pots -- were also
Reconstruction of Bancroft Villa