Wyrtig

For gardeners with a sense of history
 

OE wyrtig, adj: Garden-like, full of plants;
On anum wyrtige hamme, Homl. Skt. ii. 30:312
.

 

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A Sampling of Dye Plants Named in Early Sources

Plant

Common name

Dye color

In early sources

Agrimonia eupatoria

Agrimony

Yellow

  • Ălfric – Agrimonia, garclifan, garclifu, carclife, gorclifu, garclife, garcliua

  • Herbarium Apuleii - Garclife

  • Lacnunga - Garclifan, garclife, garclif, garcliue, gardclife

  • Leechbook - Garclife, garclifan

Allium

Onion (skins)

Brown

  • Ălfric - CEPAS enneleac

  • Leechbook - Ciepan, cipan, cipe, leac

Cytisus scoparius

Broom

Yellow

  • Ălfric - GENESTARUM bro, GENESTA bromb

  • Leechbook – Bromes, brom

Filipendula ulmaria

Meadowsweet

Yellow

Dark blue

  • Ălfric - CAMICULA archentille, argen, argentilla, argentille, argentillŠ, argentillŠ, RUBIA medewyrt, resnele vel mŠdwert

  • Lacnunga - Medewyrt

  • Leechbook - Medouyrt, meodowyrt, medowyrte medouyrt

Galium verum

Ladies Bedstraw

Red

  • Herbarium Apuleii - Ly■wyrt, ■e man ostriago 7 o■rum naman ly■wyrt nemne■, ostriago ƀ is li■wyrt, ■e man erifion 7 o■rum naman li■wyrt nemne■, erifion ƀ is ly■ wyrt

  • Lacnunga - Li■wyrt

  • Leechbook – Leo■owyrt, li■wyrt

Plant

Common name

Dye color

In early sources

Genista tinctorium Dyers' greenweed Yellow
  • Lacnunga - [Wudu]weax[e], wuduweaxan, weoduweaxan, weoduweaxe

  • Leechbook – Wuduweax, wuduweaxe, wuduweaxan

Inula helenium

Elecampane

Blue

  • Ălfric - INNULAM CAMPANAM sperewert, DE ENULA horselne 7 enele, HINNULICAPINI, EBULUM walwyrt

  • Herbarium Apuleii - WŠlwyrt vel ellenwyrt, ■e man ebulum o■rum naman ellenwyrte nemne■ eac sume men wealwyrt hata■, ebulus ƀ is wealwyrt, ■e man hinnula campana o■rum naman sperewyrt nemne■, hinnula campana ƀ ys sperewyrt

  • Lacnunga – Elene, elenan, eolonan, eolonon, sperewyrt, wŠlwyrt

  • Leechbook - Elene, byrigeolonan, ehheolo■e, elenan, elonan, elone, eolene, eolone, heahheolo■an, heahhiolo■e, heolonan, hiolo■an, wealwyrt, wealwyrte, wealwyrte

Iris pseudacorus

Yellow Flag

Green

Blue

  • Ălfric - INNULAM CAMPANAM sperewert, GLADIOLUM glŠdene, CITOCACIA glŠdene

  • Herbarium Apuleii – GlŠdene, BULBISCILLITICI 7 o■rum naman glŠdene nemne■, glŠdene, ■e man GLADIOLUM 7 othrum naman glŠdene nemne■, BULBISCILLATICA ƀ is glŠdene, glŠdenan, GLADIOLUM ƀ is glŠdene, ■e man hinnula campana 7 o■rum naman sperewyrte, nemne■, hinnula campana ƀ ys sperewyrt

  • Lacnunga - GlŠdenan, glŠdenon, glŠdene, sperewyrt

Isatis tinctoria

Woad (leaves, fermented)

Blue

  • Ălfric - SANDIX wad,  IACINCTO of wade

  • Herbarium Apuleii - Đas wyrte grecas isatis 7 romane alutam nemna■ 7 eac angle hate■ ad serpentis morsum

  • Lacnunga - Weod

  • Leechbook – Wad, wades

       

Plant

Common name

Dye color

In early sources

Nymphaea alba

Waterlily (roots)

Brown

Blue

  • Ălfric - NYMPHEA colloncrog

  • Leechbook - Flea■an wyrte, fleo■anwyrte

Prunis spinosa

 

Sloe (Blackthorn)

 

Blue

Brown

Red

Orange

  • Lacnunga - Slah■orn

  • Leechbook - Slah■orn, slah

Pteridium aquilinum

 

Bracken

 

Green

Yellow

  •  Ălfric - ITSANA fŠrn, FILEX fearn, FILICEMQUE and fearn, FILICUMQUE fearnes 7 fearna

  • Herbarium Apuleii  – Fearn, ■e man FILICEM 7 o■rum naman fearn nemne■, fearne

  • Leechbook - ■Št micle fearn, fearne

Quercus spp.

 

Oak and acorns

Blue

Brown

Black

  • Ălfric - QUERCUS acc, ROBOR ac, QUERCUS 7 ILEX ac

  • Lacnunga – Ac

  • Leechbook – Ac, ace

Reseda luteola

Weld

Yellow

Green

  • Leechbook - Uouelle

Rhamnus catharticus

Buckthorn

Yellow

  • Ălfric - RAMNUS ■efan■or, RANNUS ■eue■orn

  • Lacnunga - ■efe■orn

  • Leechbook - ■efan, ■orn, ■efan■orn, ■e fo■orne

Rubia tinctorum

Madder

Purple

Red

  • Ălfric - SANDIX mŠdre, GRIAS medder, WARANTIĘ wret, UERMICULO wealhbasu 7 mŠdre

  • Herbarium Apuleii – MŠdere, ■e man GRYAS 7 o■rum naman mŠdere nemne■, GRYAS ƀ is mŠderu[

  • Lacnunga - WrŠttes

  • Leechbook - Reade hofe 7 mŠdere, wrŠtte

Plant

Common name

Dye color

In early sources

Rubus fruticosus

Blackberry, Bramble

Blue

Yellow

  • Lacnunga - BrŠmelberian

  • Leechbook – Brembel, brembelŠppel, heorotcrop neo■eweardne, brer, ■ehiopan on weaxa■

Rumex acestosa

Dock, sorrel

Green

Red

  • Ălfric - DILLA docca, docce, LAPATIUM docce

  • Herbarium Apuleii – DoccŠ, LAPATIUM ƀ ys. Docce, doccoe, Wudu docce, be man lapatium 7 o■rum naman wudu docce nemne■, lapatium.ƀ is wudu docce

  • Lacnunga - Doccan

  • Leechbook – docce, doccan, sure, suran, monnes suran

Rumex obtusifolius

Dock

Yellow

Blue

  • Ălfric - DILLA docca, docce, OXYLAPATIUM seo scearpe docce, LAPATIUM docce

  • Herbarium Apuleii - ■e man LAPATIUM 7 o■rum naman doccae, doccŠ, LAPATIUM ƀ ys docce, doccoe

  • Lacnunga - doccan

  • Leechbook - Docce, doccan

Sambucus nigra

Elderberry

Green

Blue

Purple

  • Ălfric - SAMBUCA LIGNUM elle SAXONICE

  • Herbarium Apuleii - Ellen, ■e man SAMSUCHON 7 o■rum naman ellen hate■

  • Lacnunga – Ellen, ellenes, elnea

  • Leechbook - Ellen, ellenes

Thalictrum flavum

Meadow Rue

Yellow

  • Leechbook - Wilde rudan

Plant

Common name

Dye color

In early sources

Ulex europaeus

Gorse

Yellow

  • Ălfric, (W) 312,11 RAMNUS furs, fyrs, RAMNIS fyrrsum, TRIBULOSA gorst, RUBOS gosstas, SENTES gorstas, PALIURUS, ERBA SPINOSA fyrss, HERBA IRAS gorst

  • Herbarium Apuleii – Gorst, ■e man TRIBULUS 7 o■rum naman gorst nemne■

  • Leechbook - Gorst

Urtica dioica

Nettles

Green

  • Ălfric - URTICA netele, netel, URTICE netelan, DE URTICA netele

  • Herbarium Apuleii – Netelan, netele, ■e man URTICAM 7 o■rum naman netele nemne■

  • Lacnunga – Sti■e, netelan, netele

  • Leechbook – Netle, ■a greatan netlan, netelan, sio micle wor■ig netle

Vaccinium myrtillus

Bilberry Whortleberry

Brown

Purple

Blue

  • Leechbook - HŠ■bergean wisan

       
 
 


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