Wyrtig

OE wyrtig, adj: Garden-like, full of plants;
On anum wyrtige hamme, Homl. Skt. ii. 30:312
.
  

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Plant Names from the
Leechbook of Bald
 

A-E     F-J      K-O       P-T       U- Z

Scientific name

Common name

Leechbook

Achillea millefolium

Yarrow

Garwe

Gearwe

Aconitum napella

Monkshood

Thung

Aegopodium podagraria

Goutweed

Gotwothe

Agrimonia eupatoria

Agrimony

Garclife

Agrostemma githago

Cockle

Githrife

Gythrofe

Algae

Seaweed

Fleotwyrt

Allium cepa

Onion

Cipean

Cipan

Allium porrum

Leek

Porleac

Cropleac

Allium schoenoprasum

Chives

Secgleac

Alllium sativum

Garlic

Garleac

Althaea officinalis

Marshmallow

Merscmealwe

Anethum graveolens

Dill

Dile

Anthemis cotula

Foul wormwood

Fula wermond

Anthemis nobile

Roman chamomile

Magethe

Anthemis tinctoria

Red mayweed

Reade magethe

Anthriscus cerefolium

Chervil

Cerfille

Cyrfille

Antirhinum majus

Snapdragon

Hundes heafod

Apium graveolens

Celery

Merce

Wudu merce

Arctium lappa

Great burdock

Eawyrt

Clate

Clife

Aristolochia rotunda

A. clematis

Birthwort

Smerowyrt

Artemesia abrotanum

Southernwood

Aprotanan

Sutherne wermodx

Artemesia absinthium

Wormwood

Wermod

Artemesia vulgaris

Mugwort

Mucgwyrt

Artemisia dracunculus

Tarragon

Dracontian

Draconzan

Arum dracunculus

Arum, Dragons

Arod

Asarum Europaeum

European wild ginger

Ammi

Asaru

Aspidium filix

Great fern

Micle fearn

Beta vulgaris

Beet

Beta

Betonica officinalis

Betony

Betonica

Brassica

Colewort, Cabbage

broad cabbage, kale

Brassica

Caules

Bradan cawel

Brassica rapa

B. campestris 

Turnip

Englise moru

Naep

Calamintha nepeta

Calamint

Field balm

 

Healm

Healf wudu

Calendula officinalis

Calendula

 

Sigelhworf

Cardamine pratensis

Lady’s smock

Lustmoce

Carduum sylvaticum

Thistle

Scearpan thistel

Wudu thistle

Carex

Sedge

Hamorsecg

Secg

Carlina acaulis

Carline thistle

Eoforthrotu

Centaurea major

Centaury

Centaurian

Curmealle

Culmillan

Banwyrt seo greate

Centaurium erthraea

Small herder’s plant

Swane’s plant

Hyrdewyrt

Hyrde seo laesse

Hythewyrt

Swanewyrt

Eorthgealla

Centaurium erythaea

Viola

Banwyrt

Centaurium erythaea

Earthgall

Eorthgealla

Chelidonium majus

Celandine

Celethonian

Cylethonie

Celendran

Celendre

Cinnamomum aromaticum

Cinnamon

Cassiam

Conium maculatum

Hemlock

Hemlic

Convallaria majalis

Digitalis purpurea

Lilly of the valley

Foxglove

Glofwyrt

Convolvulus  arvensis

Bindweed

Wichewinde

Withowinde

Convolvulus scammonia

Scammony

Scamoniam

Cornus sanguinea

Dogwood

Gatettreow

Corylus avellana

Hazel

Haesel

Crataegus

Hawthorn

Haegthornes

Crocus sativus

  Meadow saffron

Colchicum autumnale

  Autumn crocus

Croh

Greate wyrt

Cucumis

Cucumber

Melon

Hwerhwette

Cuminum cyminum

Cumin

Cymen

Cymed

Cynara cardunculus

Cardoon

Kincean

Kyncean

Cynoglossum officinale

Hound’s tongue

Cynoglosson

Cuneglaesse

Hundes tunge

Cynosurus cristatus

Reed

Windelstreaw

Cyperus papyrus

Bullrush

Dythhomar

Daphne laureola

  Spurge laurel

Euphorbia lathyris

  Caper spurge

Githcorn

Daucus

Carrot (root)

Moru

Feldemoru

Wylisc moru

Deschampsia caespitosa

Hassock grass

Cassuc

Dipsacus fullonum

Teasel

Wulfes camb

 

Echium vulgare

Viper’s bugloss

Haranspecel

Elaeagnus angustifolia 

Oleaster

Russian olive

Eleleafes

Olusatrum

Elytrigia repens

Couch grass

Quitch grass

Cwith [cwice]

Erythraea centaureum

Centaury

Lesser centaury

Lesser herder’s plant

Earthgall

Banwyrt

Banwyrt seo greate

Eorthgealla

hythe wyrt

hyrdewyrt seo laesse

Culmillan

Eufrasia officinalis

Eyebright

Eagwyrt

Eupatorium cannabinum

Water agrimony

Hind  heolothan

Ealifer

Euphorbia helioscopa

Heliotrope

Smallan sigelhweorfa

Euphorbia lathyrus

Spurge caper

Spring wyrt

A-E     F-J      K-O       P-T       U- Z

Faba

Bean

Fava

Broadbean

Beana

Ferula assafoetida

Assafoetida

Galbanum

Ficus carica

Fig

Ficus

Foeniculum vulgare

Fennel

Finul

Fragaria vesca

Strawberry

Streawberian

Frangula alnus

Buckthorn, alder

Fulbeam

Spracen Fulanbeam

Galium aparine

Lesser Burdock

Foxes clife

Clifwyrt

Hegeclif

Hegerife

Galium cruciatum

Crosswort

Wraette

Galium odoratum

Sweet woodruff

Wudurofan

Genista tinctoria

Dyer’s greenweed

Wuduweaxe

Gentiana campestris

Field gentian

Beowyrt

Holcaerse

Ferdwyrt

Gentiana pneumonanthe

Marsh mare gall

Merscmear geallan

Glechoma hederacea

Alehoof

Ground ivy

Hofe

Mersehofe

readan hofe

Eorthifig

Gnaphalium margaritaceum

Everlasting

Eferlastan

Eferlaste

Hedera helix

Ivy

Ifig

Hedera nigra

Black ivy

Ifiges blacan

Heliotropium europaeum

Heliotrope

Sigel hweorfa

Ealifer

Helleborus faetida

H. viridis

Oxheal

Green hellebore

Oxnalid

Oxnalib

Helleborus niger

Black hellebore

Ceaster

Ceasterwyrt

Hieracium

Hawkweed

Hafocwyrt

Humulus lupulus

Hop

Hymele

Humele

Eowohumele (female)

Hyoscamus niger

Henbane

Belene

Beolene

Hyssopus

Hyssop

Ysopum

Ilex aquifolium 

Holly

Holen

Inula campana

I. helenium

Elecampane

Elene

Eolone

Byrig eolonan

Ehheolothe

Heahheolothe

Heahealethe

Inula conyza

Plowman’s spikenard

Theorwyrt

Thyorwyrt

Iris florentina

Iris, fleur de luce

Fanex

Iris pseudacorus

Iris Yellow flag

Glaeden

Isatis tinctoria

Woad

Wad

Wurme

Juncus

Rush

Ricsa

Juniperus sabina

Savine juniper

Safinan

  Iunipera

A-E     F-J      K-O       P-T       U- Z

Lacterida

Spurge laurel

Githcorn

Lactuca

Lettuce

Lactucas

Leahtric

Lagenaria

Gourd

Cucurbitan

Lamium alba

Dead nettle

Blinde netle

Lamium purpureum

Red nettle

Reade netlan

Laurus nobilis

Bay laurel

Laures

Lens culinaris

Lentils

Lenticulas

Lepidium sativum

Garden cress

Hare wyrt

Tuncersan ...oftost wweaxeth on tun haefth hwite blostman

Levisticum officinale

Lovage

Lufestice

Lilium

Lily

Lilian

Limonium

Statice

Staethwyrt

Linum

Flax

Linwyrt

Lonicera

  Honeysuckle

Convolvulus

  Woodbind

Wudunbend, wudubind

Lupinus alba

Lupin

Elehtre

Lychnis flos cuculi

Ragged robin

Bulot

Bulut

Lycopodiopsida

Club moss

Straelwyrt

Malus

Crabapple

Wuduaeppel

Malus

Apple

Sour-sweet apple

Apple tree

Swale apple

Aepla

Aeppel

Apuldrsurmelrc

Apuldor, apuldre

Sweglesaeppel

Malva sylvestris

M. rotundiflora

Mallow

Cottuc

Hoc

Mealwan

Marrubium vulgare

Horehound

Hune

Marubian

Menta silvestris

Fen mint

Fenminte

Mentha

Mint

Mintas

Tunminte

 

Mentha aquaticae

Water mint

Saeminte

Mentha pulegium

Pennyroyal

Dweorge dwostlan

Pollegia n

Menyanthes trifoliata

Bogbean

Buckbean

Ramgalla

Ramgealla

Hramgeallo

Mespilus germanica

Medlar

Aepening

Morus nigra

Black mulberry

Byrigberge

Myrica gale

Sweet gale

Gagel

Myrrhis odorata

Sweet Cicely

Murra

Myrtus communis

Myrtle

Wir

Nasturtium officinale

  Watercress

Lepidum sativum

  Garden cress

Leac cerse

Fencersan

Nepeta cataria

Catnip

Neftan

Nigella

Black cumin

Gitte

Nymphaea

Water lily

Fleathe

Fleothe

Ocimum

Basil

Eorthmistel

Oxalis acetellosa

Wood sorrel

Geaces sure

A-E     F-J      K-O       P-T       U- Z

Panicum crus galli

Cock’s spur grass

Attorlathe

Papaver sp.

Papaver somniferum

Poppy

Popig

Parietaria officinalis

Pelliitory

Dohlrune

Hamorwyrt

Pastinaca sativa

Parsnip

Moru

Feldmoru

Wylisc moru

Peganum harmala

Wild or field rue

Armelu

Petroselinum crispum

Parsley

Petersilian

Peucedanum officinale

Cow parsley

Cammoc

Cammuc

Camecon

Pinus

Stone pine

Pinhnyte

Piper nigrum

Pepper

Pipor

Pisum saativum

Pea

Pisan

Pyse

Pysen

Plantago lanceolata

P.maior

Plantain

Laec wyrt

Ribbe

Wegbraede

Polygonum bistorta

Bistort

Naedderwyrt

Polypodium vulgare

Everfern

Eoforfearn

 Potentilla anserina

Silverweed

Gelodwyrt

Morwyrt

Smalan morwyrt

Potentilla reptans

  Creeping cinquefoil

  Little cinquefille

P. erecta

  Cinquefoil

Eorthrima

Fifleafan feawes

Primula eliator

Oxlip

Oxanslyppe

Primula veris

Cowslip

Cuslyppan

Prunus domestica

Plum

Plum

Prunus persica

Peaches

Persucas

Prunus spinosa

Sloe thorn

Black thorn

Slah

Sla thorn

Pulmonaria

Lungwort

Lungenwyrt

Pyrus communis  

Pear

Peran

Ranunculus ficaria

Cluhfiht (cloven) wenwyrt

Cneoehte (kneed) wenwyrt

Ranunculus scleratus

Celery-leaf buttercup

Clufthung

Ranunculus sp

  Crowfoot

Potentilla reptens

  Creeping cinquefoil

Hrefnesfot

Raphanus sativus

Radish

Ontre

Raedice

Rhamnus cathartica

Buckthorn

Thefethorn

Heorotbrembel

Rosa

Rose

Brer

Wudurose

Rubus fruticosa

Bramble

Blackberry

Brembel

Brembel aeppel

Brer

Rubus idaeus

Raspberry

Hind bergean

Rumex acetosa

Sorrel

Dock

One’s (garden?) sorrel

 

Ompre

Docce

Monnes suran

Rumex sanguineus

Sorrel

Reade docce

Ruscum aculeatus

Butcher's broom

Cneoholan bromes

Ruta graveolens

Rue

Rude

Ruta

Salix

Willow

Sealh

Withig

Salvia officinalis

Sage

Saluia

Salvia sclarea

Clary sage

Slarie

Sambucus ebula

Dwarf elder

Lithwyrt

Wealwryt

Sambucus nigra

Elder

Ellenes

Saponaria officinalis

Soapwort

Leatherwyrt

Satureia hortensis

Summer savory

Saetherian

Saewerie

Sutherige

Saxifraga granulata

Saxifrage

Sundcorn

Scrofularia aquatica

Water betony

Brunwyrt

Sedum

Sedum

White stonecrop

Stancrop

Wyrmwyrt

Sempervivum tectorum

Houseleek

Aloe

Hamwyrt

Sinfulle

Singrene

Alwan

Thunorwyrt

Senecio jacobaea

Ragwort

Bogen

Bothen

Senecio vulgaris

Groundsel

Grundeswylige

Selfaete

Sinapis

Mustard

Senep

Sinapis arvensis

Charlock

Cerlices

Smyrnium olusatrum

Alexanders

Attrum

Olustratrum

Alexandrina

Solanum

Nightshade

Aelfthone

Myxenplante

Spirea ulmaria

Meadowsweet

Medowyrt

Stellaria holostea Stitchwort

Aethelferthingwyrt

Stellaria media

Chickweed

Cicena mete

Symphatum officinale

Comfrey

Galluc

Consolde

Tanacetum parthenium

Feverfew

Feferfuge

Tanacetum vulgare

Tansy

Helde

Tanacitum balsamita

Balsam

Costmary

Balsami

Baldsamum

Cost

Taxus baccata

Yew berry

Eowberge

Thymus serpyllum

Wild thyme

Wudu cunille

Trifolium pratense

Clover

Claefran

Claefer wyrt

Hwit claefran

Reade claefre

Trigonella foenum graecum

Fenugreek

Fenogrecum

A-E     F-J      K-O       P-T       U- Z

Ulex Europaeus

Furze

Gorse

Cwicbeam

Gorstx

Urtica

Nettle

Netle

Vaccinium

Bilberry

Haethbergean

Veratrum alba

White hellebore

Tungilsinwyrt

Tunsingwyrt

Verbascum

Hedge taper

Great mullein

Gescadwyrt

Verbena officinalis

Vervain

Berbine

Aescthrotu

Veronica beccabunga

Brooklime

Hleomoce

Vinca

Periwinkle

Fica perfica

Winclan

Viola

Viola

Banwyrt

Seo greate banwyrt

Viscum album

Mistletoe

Acmistel

 

Leechdoms, wortcunning, and starcraft of early England, Vol. 2 (PDF) http://archive.org/details/leechdomswortcun02cock

 

 

 

 

 

 

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