Wyrtig

OE wyrtig, adj: Garden-like, full of plants;
On anum wyrtige hamme, Homl. Skt. ii. 30:312
.
  

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Coppicing and Pollarding

Coppicing and pollarding are a form of woodland management that involves periodically pruning a tree so that it will send up many shoots that can be harvested several years later.

Coppice stool

Coppicing
The tree is cut back severely, right down to ground level, to create a stool.

Pollarded trees

Pollarding
The branches of the tree are pruned higher up, 8' to 10' from the ground, so that the new shoots will be too high for cattle or other grazing animals to eat.

Because such pruning prevents the tree from maturing, and probably heads off some of the arborial maladies of old age, some pollard trees grow to be centuries old and very large, such as this pollard oak in Britain's New Forest.

Pollard oak, from Wikimedia, photographer Jim Champion

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Botanists are among those who know that, in spite of the rude shocks of life,
it is well to have lived, and to have seen the everlasting beauty of the world.
F.D. Drewitt

 

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